Qu'est-ce que Chiragra ?

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**What is Chiragra?**

**Question:** What is the medical⁢ condition known ‍as chiragra?

**Answer:** ⁢Chiragra is a type of ​gout that⁣ specifically affects the⁤ hands and feet. It⁢ is⁤ characterized by sudden and severe pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness in the joints of ‍the fingers and toes.

**Symptoms of Chiragra:**

* Severe joint pain, ‌especially in the​ thumbs, fingers, and big toes

* Swelling and inflammation in⁢ the joints

* Redness ‌and heat in the affected area

* ⁣Stiffness and reduced range of motion

* Tophi (small, chalky ⁣deposits) around the joints

**Causes ‌of Chiragra:**

Chiragra ‌is caused by the deposition of uric acid crystals ‌in the‌ joints. Uric⁣ acid is a⁣ waste product of purine⁤ metabolism, a process that occurs naturally ‍in the body. Excessive purine intake or impaired uric acid excretion can⁣ lead to elevated uric ​acid ⁤levels in the blood,‌ known as hyperuricemia. When ⁣hyperuricemia ‍persists, ⁢uric acid crystals can precipitate and ⁢accumulate in the joints, causing inflammation and pain.

**Risk ⁣Factors for Chiragra:**

* ⁤High purine intake from ⁢foods such as red meat, ⁢organ meats, and seafood

*‍ Obesity

* Diabetes

* Hypertension

* Kidney disease

* Family history of gout

* Certain medications, such as diuretics and aspirin

**Diagnosis of ‍Chiragra:**

* Physical examination and medical history

* Blood test to measure uric acid levels

* Joint fluid ⁣aspiration to ⁢confirm the presence of‍ uric acid crystals

**Treatment for Chiragra:**

*⁣ Medications to reduce inflammation, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or colchicine

* Medications to lower uric acid levels, such as ​allopurinol or‍ febuxostat

* Corticosteroids to relieve pain and inflammation

* Lifestyle modifications to reduce purine intake and promote weight loss

* Regular exercise and joint protection

**Prevention of Chiragra:**

* Maintain a healthy weight

* Limit intake of ⁤high-purine foods

* Stay hydrated by⁢ drinking plenty of water

* Exercise regularly

* Manage underlying ⁣health conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension

* Talk⁤ to your doctor about medications that can increase ​your risk of gout

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* Uric ⁢acid crystals

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