Qu'est-ce que la dermatite atopique ?

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**What is Atopic Dermatitis?**

**Q:⁢ What is Atopic Dermatitis (AD)?**

**A:** Atopic Dermatitis (AD), also known as eczema, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that causes dry, itchy, and inflamed skin. It is often characterized by a red, scaly rash that can occur on any part of the body.

**Q: What are the symptoms ​of ⁤AD?**

**A:** Symptoms of AD can⁤ include:

* Dry, itchy skin

* Redness and inflammation

* Scaly or⁣ thickened skin

* Papules or small ⁢bumps

* Weeping or crusting lesions

* Sensitivity to certain fabrics or detergents

**Q: What causes AD?**

**A:** The⁤ exact cause of AD is unknown, but it is believed to be related to‌ a combination of genetic and environmental factors. AD is more​ common in people with a family history of the condition. Environmental triggers can include:

* Irritants (e.g., soaps, ⁣chemicals)

* Allergens‌ (e.g., pollen, dust mites)

* Stress

* Certain foods⁣ (e.g., eggs, milk)

**Q: How is AD diagnosed?**

**A:** AD is typically diagnosed based on a physical examination and the patient’s medical history. A dermatologist may perform ‌a skin biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.

**Q: How is AD treated?**

**A:** There⁣ is no cure for AD, but⁤ treatment focuses on ‍managing symptoms and improving skin health.‍ Treatment options may include:

* **Emollients:** Moisturizers that help to hydrate and protect the skin.

*‍ **Topical corticosteroids:** Anti-inflammatory medications applied to the skin.

* **Antihistamines:** Medications that block the effects of histamine, a chemical that⁤ triggers itching.

* **Systemic medications:** Oral or injectable medications, including immunomodulators or biologics.

**Q: How can AD be prevented?**

**A:** Some measures may help prevent or reduce the severity of AD, such as:

* Moisturizing regularly

*‍ Avoiding harsh soaps ​and detergents

* Managing stress

* Identifying and avoiding triggers

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