Qu'est-ce que la gastrite aiguë?

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## What is ‍Acute Gastritis?

**Acute gastritis** is a sudden inflammation of the stomach lining. It can cause ‍pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.⁤ In severe cases, it can lead to bleeding and perforation of ‌the stomach.

**Causes ​of acute gastritis:**

* Infection with bacteria​ (such as H. pylori) or viruses

* Excessive alcohol use

* Use of ⁢certain medications ​(such as aspirin or ibuprofen)

* Stress

* Trauma

* Surgery

**Symptoms of​ acute gastritis:**

* Epigastric pain (pain in the upper abdomen)

* Nausea

* Vomiting

* Diarrhea

* Bloating

* Indigestion

*‍ Heartburn

**Diagnosis of acute gastritis:**

* Medical history

* Physical examination

* Blood tests

* Gastroscopy (a procedure to examine⁣ the inside of the stomach)

**Treatment of⁤ acute gastritis:**

* Rest

* Antacids

* Histamine H2-receptor antagonists

* Proton pump ⁢inhibitors

* Antibiotics⁢ (if the cause is bacterial)

**Prevention of acute gastritis:**

* Avoid alcohol and tobacco

* Eat a healthy diet

* Manage stress

* Take medications only as directed ⁤by your doctor

**Complications of acute gastritis:**

* Bleeding

* Perforation of the stomach

* ‍Gastric cancer (in rare cases)

**When to see a doctor:**

* If⁣ you have severe abdominal pain

* If you are vomiting or have diarrhea for⁤ more than a few days

* If you have blood in your vomit or ⁢stool

*​ If your symptoms do not improve with treatment

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