Qu'est-ce que la maladie coeliaque ?

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**What is Celiac Disease?**

**Question: What is celiac disease?**

**Answer:** Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that occurs when ​consuming gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, rye, and sometimes oats. The immune system mistakes⁣ gluten ‍for an invader​ and attacks the small intestine, causing damage and interfering with‌ nutrient⁣ absorption.

**Question: What causes ⁤celiac disease?**

**Answer:** The exact⁤ cause is unknown, but genetics and environmental factors are believed to play a role. Individuals⁤ with certain genetic markers are more likely to develop celiac disease, but it often becomes apparent only after an⁢ environmental trigger, ⁤such ⁣as a viral infection ​or stress.

**Question: What are the⁣ symptoms of celiac disease?**

**Answer:** Symptoms can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Common symptoms include:

* Gastrointestinal:‍ Abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, bloating, gas

* Weight loss

* Anemia

* Fatigue

*​ Nutrient deficiencies (e.g., iron, vitamin ⁤B12)

* Mood disorders ⁤(e.g., anxiety, depression)

**Question: How is ⁤celiac disease diagnosed?**

**Answer:** ‍Celiac⁣ disease is⁢ diagnosed through a combination⁣ of⁣ blood tests to check for antibodies against‌ gluten and genetic‌ testing to identify the presence ⁣of celiac-associated genes. A small intestine biopsy may also ⁢be performed to examine the intestinal​ tissue for damage.

**Question: How is ‍celiac disease treated?**

**Answer:** The‌ only effective treatment⁤ for celiac disease is‌ a strict gluten-free diet. ‍This ‌involves eliminating all⁣ sources of gluten from the diet, including foods, beverages, and medications. Adhering to a gluten-free diet‍ allows the small intestine to heal and symptoms to subside.

**Question: What are the ‍long-term effects of untreated celiac disease?**

**Answer:** Untreated celiac disease⁢ can lead to⁢ severe health complications, ⁢including:

* Malnutrition

* Chronic inflammation

* Autoimmune disorders

*⁤ Increased​ risk of intestinal cancer

**Additional SEO-Optimized ⁢Keywords:**

* Autoimmune disorder

* Gluten intolerance

* Small ⁤intestine damage

* Gluten-free diet

* Celiac-associated ⁤genes

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