Qu'est-ce que la pyélonéphrite aiguë?

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**Question: What​ is Acute Pyelonephritis?**



**Answer:**



**Acute pyelonephritis** is a bacterial infection of the kidneys, usually caused by bacteria from the urinary tract. It is often accompanied by urinary tract symptoms such as pain during urination, cloudy or ‍bloody urine, and ⁢frequent urination.



**Causes:**



Most ‍cases of acute pyelonephritis are caused by⁢ Escherichia coli (E. ​coli) bacteria. Other risk factors include:



*​ Obstruction or blockages in the urinary tract‍ (e.g., ​kidney stones, enlarged prostate)

* Weakened‍ immune system

* Certain medical procedures (e.g.,‍ catheterization)

* Pregnancy



**Symptoms:**



* Fever

* Chills

* Flank‌ pain

* Painful ​urination

* ‌Frequent urination

* Cloudy or bloody urine

* Nausea and vomiting



**Diagnosis:**



Acute pyelonephritis is diagnosed based on symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory tests:



* Urine test: To detect bacteria and signs of inflammation

* Blood test:‍ To ⁢check ⁣for elevated white blood cells and other markers of infection

* Imaging studies (e.g., ultrasound, CT scan): To visualize the kidneys and urinary tract



**Treatment:**



Treatment for acute pyelonephritis usually involves antibiotics taken orally or intravenously. The specific type of antibiotic used will depend on ⁢the bacteria ⁣causing the infection. In severe ‍cases, hospitalization ​may be necessary.



**Prevention:**



Preventing acute ‌pyelonephritis includes:



* Maintaining good urinary tract hygiene

* Taking antibiotics during urine culture testing

* Managing underlying​ urinary tract conditions

* Drinking plenty of fluids to stay hydrated

*‍ Seeking medical​ attention for urinary tract symptoms



**Additional Keywords:**



* ⁣Urinary ⁤tract infection (UTI)

* Renal infection

* Pyelonephrosis

* Kidney pain

* Urinary tract blockage

2 commentaires

  1. Acute Pyelonephritis is a bacterial infection of the kidneys. The infection can be caused by bacteria that enter the urethra and travel up the ureters to the kidneys. Symptoms of acute pyelonephritis include fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and pain in the back or side. Treatment for acute pyelonephritis typically involves antibiotics.

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