Qu'est-ce que la cervicite ?

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**What ‌is⁢ Cervicitis?**

Cervicitis refers to the inflammation of the cervix, the narrow, lower part of the uterus that connects to ⁢the vagina. [[2]] ⁣It can result from infections, irritants, or injuries and may cause​ various symptoms or remain asymptomatic. [[3]]

**Causes of Cervicitis**

Cervicitis can have‍ several potential causes:

– **Infectious:** Infections ⁢caused ‌by bacteria, viruses, or parasites, such ‌as chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomonas, or herpes simplex virus (HSV). [[2]]

– **Irritants:** Exposure to irritants such as spermicides, douches, or ​harsh soaps. [[2]]

– **Injuries:** Trauma during childbirth, abortion, or certain medical procedures. [[1]]

**Symptoms of Cervicitis**

Cervicitis may⁤ not always ⁤present⁣ with symptoms. However, potential symptoms​ include:

– Abnormal vaginal discharge [[3]]

– Painful intercourse (dyspareunia) ​ [[3]]

– Vulvar or vaginal irritation [[3]]

-‌ Pelvic pain [[2]]

– Bleeding after intercourse or between periods⁣ [[2]]

**Diagnosis of Cervicitis**

To⁤ diagnose cervicitis, a healthcare professional typically performs⁢ a pelvic exam, including⁢ a speculum exam ⁣to visualize the cervix. They ‍may also​ collect⁣ a sample of ⁣cervical discharge for testing to determine the ‌underlying cause. [[2]]

**Treatment of Cervicitis**

Treatment​ for cervicitis depends on the ⁢underlying cause:

– ⁢**Infections:** Antibiotics to clear the ⁣infection [[3]]

-‍ **Irritants:** Avoidance ‌of the irritant‌ and ⁢soothing measures [[2]]

-‌ **Injuries:** Time for healing and pain⁢ management ​if necessary [[1]]

**Prevention ‌of Cervicitis**

Preventive measures ​for cervicitis include:

– Safe sex practices, including condom use‍ [[2]]

– Regular Pap tests​ to screen for cervical cancer and detect infections [[2]]

– Avoidance of harsh soaps and other ⁤vaginal irritants [[2]]

Un commentaire

  1. Cervicitis is inflammation of the cervix, the lower, narrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina.. Gynecologic exams may include a pap smear and a pelvic exam. In some cases, a biopsy may be needed.

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