التعريف والنظرة العامة
Infectious neurology is an emerging subspecialty of neurology. It focuses on:
- Determining the different types of pathogens including viruses, bacteria and parasites that can directly or indirectly affect the nervous system, particularly the brain
- Treating diseases through available methods
- Managing diseases as well as its symptoms
- Providing complete patient care during recovery period or when the disease has affected the patient’s routine and function
- Preventing the spread of the disease (e.g., travel or epidemic)
In certain instances, an infectious neurologist may be asked to collaborate in researches, such as spotting potential pathogenic trends or patterns.
Infectious diseases that can affect the nervous system can be classified as either chronic or acute. It is chronic when the disease is progressive or takes a long time to fully develop such as those with incubation period. Meanwhile, it is considered acute when it occurs almost suddenly with a very limited period between exposure and the manifestation of symptoms.
Different pathogens can cause neurological infectious illnesses. For example, التهاب السحايا, which is characterized by the inflammation of the meninges or the membranes of the spinal cord and the brain, can be caused by either bacteria or virus. Knowing the actual cause is significantly important as the treatment will be formulated around it.
من يجب أن يخضع للنتائج المتوقعة
An infectious neurology consultation is recommended when:
People are traveling to tropical countries – Although infectious diseases can happen anywhere, they are mostly prevalent in tropical regions for many reasons. One, the climate makes it more suitable for possible carriers like mosquitoes to breed and thrive. Second, there is a very finite health care resource that the spread and control of the disease is lenient or lacking. In the consultation, the neurologist can educate the traveler on the risks and preventative measures, as well as provide pre-exposure vaccinations.
Individuals have a compromised immune system – People who have weak immune systems such as those with HIV/AIDS, seniors and children belong to the high-risk group since their bodies are not fully capable to fight infection or develop antibodies against threats. Some diseases can also have an effect on the nervous system such as HIV, where some studies suggest it can lead to dementia.
There is a growing epidemic – Infections to the nervous system can affect even the healthiest people, more so when there is an epidemic pattern, wherein the disease spread so quickly and widely that an average person may not have the right and enough means to protect himself against it.
The patient is showing signs and symptoms of a neurological infection – These signs and symptoms normally include headaches, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, fever, fatigue, disorientation, or problem of the nerves, such as paralysis.
كيف يعمل هذا الإجراء؟
Patients who are showing symptoms that affect the brain, nerves, or the spinal cord are typically referred by their primary doctor or general practitioner to a neurologist who specialises in infectious diseases. In certain cases, the patient is referred even without the presence of the symptoms such as when he is about to travel where infectious diseases are prevalent.
During the consultation, the neurologist is expected to:
- Assess the infection or its possibility by understanding the patient’s medical record, exposure to the threat, age, overall health condition, the presence of preexisting conditions, family history and lifestyle.
- Recommend the best course of treatment, which may include hospitalisation, medications such an anti-viral or antibacterial drugs and complementary therapies like a regular fluid intake or proper diet.
- Make a referral to other specialists such as physical or occupational therapists if the infection has caused paralysis
- Recommend follow-up care to monitor the patient’s complete recovery or restoration of body function
- Monitor the physiological and mental effects of the condition and treat or manage them accordingly
المخاطر والمضاعفات المحتملة
The disease can be so serious and life threatening that going through consultations may prove to be futile, only delaying the implementation of treatment. By then, there is the likelihood that the physical and mental damage is already irreparable. On the other hand, individuals who perceive themselves as healthy may choose not to go through the consultations, believing they are a waste of time and money.
- Habif TP, ed. Clinical Dermatology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2009:chap 25.
**What is Infectious Neurology Consultation: Overview, Benefits, and Expected Results**
Infectious neurology consultation is a specialized branch of medicine that involves the diagnosis and treatment of neurological infections, which are infections that affect the brain, spinal cord, or other parts of the nervous system. These infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi.
Infectious neurology consultations are typically requested by primary care physicians or other specialists when a patient presents with signs and symptoms of a neurological infection. These symptoms can include:
* Nausea and vomiting
* Weakness or paralysis
* Sensory changes
**Benefits of Infectious Neurology Consultation**
There are several benefits to seeking an infectious neurology consultation, including:
* **Accurate diagnosis:** Infectious neurologists have the expertise to order the appropriate tests and interpret the results to make an accurate diagnosis. This is important because neurological infections can be difficult to diagnose, and early diagnosis is essential for effective treatment.
* **Optimal treatment:** Infectious neurologists are familiar with the latest treatment options for neurological infections and can recommend the best course of treatment for each patient. This can help to improve the patient’s outcome and prevent complications.
* **Prevention of complications:** Neurological infections can lead to serious complications, such as meningitis, encephalitis, and stroke. Infectious neurologists can help to prevent these complications by providing early diagnosis and treatment.
The expected results of an infectious neurology consultation vary depending on the individual patient and the severity of the infection. However, in most cases, patients can expect to receive an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. This can lead to improved outcomes and a reduced risk of complications.
**How to Find an Infectious Neurology Consultant**
If you are experiencing symptoms of a neurological infection, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Your primary care physician can refer you to an infectious neurology consultant. You can also search online for infectious neurology consultants in your area.
Infectious neurology consultation is a valuable service that can help patients with neurological infections receive the best possible care. Infectious neurologists have the expertise to diagnose and treat these infections effectively, which can lead to improved outcomes and a reduced risk of complications.