Description and Overview
A laryngoscopy is a diagnostic procedure performed to examine the back of the throat, as well as the vocal cords, the glottis, and the larynx to determine the causes of various symptoms including breathy, hoarse, or weak voice, as well as the loss of voice. It is also recommended if the patient is feeling a lump in the throat, coughing up bloody mucus, or is suffering from injuries following an illness or accidents. It can also be used to determine the gravity of throat stricture or investigate airway obstructions.
Aside from being used as a diagnostic tool, a laryngoscopy can also be performed to facilitate tracheal intubation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, procedures requiring general anaesthesia, and treatment procedures that involve the larynx and other parts of the upper tracheobronchial tree.
من يجب أن يخضع للنتائج المتوقعة
A laryngoscope can be recommended for patients with:
- Problems with voice, including (but not limited to) uncharacteristic breathiness or hoarseness, weak voice, or complete loss of voice
- Unexplained pain in the throat or ear
- Difficulties in swallowing
- A palpable lump in the throat
- Coughing up bloody mucus
- Injuries to the throat
- Narrowing of the throat
- Obstructions in the airway
- Signs and symptoms of cancer in the voice box (larynx)
كيف يتم إجراء العملية؟
A laryngoscopy, which can be either direct or indirect, is performed in an الأنف والأذن والحنجرة (ear, nose, and throat) specialist’s office in a hospital or specialty clinic.
Direct laryngoscopy, also called micro-suspension laryngoscopy, is the most common procedure performed on the larynx under general anaesthesia and can be used for a wide variety of applications and purposes. These include the removal of obstruction and foreign objects lodged in the throat, خزعة, removal of polyps in the vocal cords, or to facilitate laser treatment for different conditions in the larynx. Direct laryngoscopy involves the use of a conventional laryngoscope, which features a light source (to assist the doctor in viewing the larynx) and a set of interchangeable blades for different types of patients (i.e. large adult, small adult, paediatric, infant, and neonate patients). These blades have mirrors to enlarge the doctor’s field of view and oxygen ports to assist the patient in breathing.
Direct laryngoscopy is generally uncomfortable and is seldom performed on a conscious patient, which is why hospitals and clinics require that it is performed under general anaesthesia.
Before the actual procedure, the patient’s teeth and gums are protected. The laryngoscope, a hollow, rigid barrel, is then introduced into the mouth and throat. In some cases, the laryngoscope is suspended using other instruments to allow the doctor to perform the procedure using both hands. Depending on the goal of the procedure, lasers and operative microscope are also used.
Meanwhile, indirect laryngoscopy is much less invasive and requires only anaesthetic spray to the throat to prevent gagging during the procedure. It involves pulling the patient’s tongue while it is covered in gauze and pressing a small mirror against the soft palate and uvula. The patient is then asked to make loud sounds so the doctor can examine the vocal cord activity.
An indirect laryngoscopy takes only a couple of minutes, while a direct laryngoscopy takes around five to 45 minutes, depending on the complexity of the procedure.
المخاطر والمضاعفات المحتملة
- Inflammation of the throat
- Obstruction of the airways during the procedure
Perforation of the airway and surrounding structures
Pagana KD, Pagana TJ (2010). Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier.
Weinberger PM, Terris DJ (2010). Otolaryngology-Head and Neck surgery. In GM Doherty, ed., Current Diagnosis and Treatment: Surgery, 13th ed., pp. 224-258. New York: McGraw-Hill.
**What is Laryngoscopy: Overview, Benefits, and Expected Results**
Laryngoscopy is a medical procedure that allows healthcare providers to examine the larynx, also known as the voice box. It is a valuable tool for diagnosing, monitoring, and treating conditions affecting the vocal cords, throat, and related structures.
**Overview of Laryngoscopy**
Laryngoscopy procedures involve using specialized instruments called laryngoscopes to visualize the larynx. Depending on the specific condition being evaluated, there are different types of laryngoscopes and procedures available.
– Uses a rigid laryngoscope to directly inspect the larynx.
– May be performed with the assistance of a microscope.
- Often used for surgical interventions and biopsies.
– Employs a flexible or fiber optic laryngoscope to examine the larynx.
– Allows visualization of the vocal cords during speech and swallowing.
– Commonly used for routine vocal cord assessments and diagnostic purposes.
**Benefits of Laryngoscopy**
– Accurate Visualization: Provides direct observation of the larynx, enabling detailed examination of vocal cords, surrounding structures, and abnormalities.
– Early Diagnosis: Enables the early detection of conditions like vocal cord polyps, nodules, and precancerous lesions, aiding in prompt treatment.
– Biopsies and Tissue Sampling: Facilitates the collection of tissue samples during direct laryngoscopy, aiding in the diagnosis and characterization of suspicious lesions.
– Surgical Interventions: Direct laryngoscopy allows for the precise delivery of instruments and enables surgical procedures such as vocal cord surgeries and removal of obstructive lesions.
- Vocal Cord Evaluation: Indirect laryngoscopy is vital for assessing vocal cord function, diagnosing vocal disorders, and evaluating the results of vocal therapy.
**Expected Results from Laryngoscopy**
– Diagnosis: Laryngoscopy procedures aid in diagnosing a wide range of conditions, including vocal cord dysfunction, laryngeal tumors, inflammations, and other abnormalities in the larynx.
– Treatment Planning: The findings from laryngoscopy help determine the appropriate treatment interventions based on the specific condition and the severity of lesions.
– Monitoring: Laryngoscopy enables healthcare providers to monitor the response to treatment, progression of certain conditions, and the healing of surgical interventions over time.
– Follow-up Care: Regular laryngoscopies may be necessary for post-treatment surveillance and follow-up care to monitor the long-term health of the larynx.
Laryngoscopy holds great importance in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of various conditions affecting the larynx and surrounding structures. It allows healthcare providers to visualize the voice box in detail, enabling accurate assessments, interventions, and monitoring of treatment outcomes. The benefits of laryngoscopy outweigh any potential risks, making it a crucial tool in managing vocal and laryngeal health.