What is Sexual Abuse Counselling: Overview, Benefits, and Expected Results
Sexual abuse counselling is a form of therapeutic intervention designed to help individuals cope with varying degrees of trauma resulting from physical, emotional, or psychological abuse. It can also include providing support and guidance for individuals experiencing PTSD, depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem as a result of their trauma. Counselling offers survivors of sexual abuse a safe and supportive environment in which to explore, discuss, and heal from their experiences.
How Does Sexual Abuse Counselling Work?
Sexual abuse counselling is based on a variety of theories and approaches such as psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, and solution-focused therapy. Counsellors provide a non-judgmental and accepting environment in order to help survivors of sexual abuse to feel safe in expressing and exploring their emotions. Counsellors help to guide the survivor through the challenges associated with working through the trauma and the emotional aftermath of their experience.
Counsellors encourage survivors to share their story and provide them with the skills and knowledge needed to effectively manage their emotions and memories associated with the abuse. Along with providing counseling, counsellors can also provide referrals to other related professionals such as psychiatrists, social workers, and other supporting professionals.
Benefits of Sexual Abuse Counselling
Sexual abuse counselling has a range of positive benefits for survivors of sexual abuse, including:
- Empowerment: Survivors are able to regain control of their lives and take steps to improve mental health and emotional wellbeing.
- Safety: In a safe and accepting environment provided by a counsellor, survivors of abuse can feel secure to express themselves and to discuss their experiences without fear of judgement or criticism.
- Support: Counsellors provide unconditional support and guidance to help survivors understand their experiences and to come to terms with the effects of the trauma.
- Insight: Counsellors help survivors reflect on the past and their current situation in order to gain insight into their experiences and how to move forward.
- Skills: Counsellors provide practical skills and techniques to help survivors cope with and manage their emotions during and after the counselling process.
Survivors who undergo sexual abuse counselling can expect to:
- Gain insight into their experience of sexual abuse and the associated emotional effects.
- Learn how to effectively manage their emotions and cope with difficult memories and feelings.
- Understand the impact of the sexual abuse and how to move forward in a positive manner.
- Develop a greater sense of self-esteem and confidence.
- Identify strategies to manage stress and difficult situations.
- Gain the tools and skills to better understand their feelings and thoughts.
- Learn healthy ways to heal and cope with trauma.
- Build a greater sense of self-worth and self-respect.
Sexual abuse counselling is a beneficial form of therapy that can help survivors of sexual abuse cope with their trauma and rebuild their lives. Through providing a safe and non-judgmental environment, counsellors can help individuals understand their experiences and empower them to take active steps towards healing. By offering support and guidance, counsellors help survivors to manage their emotions and to learn practical strategies for dealing with their trauma. Ultimately, counselling can provide the necessary tools for survivors to reclaim their power and take control of their lives.
التعريف والنظرة العامة
The American Psychological Association defines sexual abuse as any unwanted sexual activity that is obtained through coercion, force, or threat. Experts believe that it has less something to do with sex and more with the perpetrator imposing power and authority to the victim.
There are many types of sexual abuse. These include rape, molestation, and sexual assault. Rape is non-consensual sex. Its either the person doesn’t want it or he or she is not in the proper mental faculty to decide or grant consent (such as a person raped while intoxicated or drugged). Rape can involve not just single men and women but also married people; marital rape happens when sex has become forcible.
Molestation, on the other hand, usually occurs in children. Based on the data of Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network, about 44% of sexual abuse is inflicted on those who are below 18 years old. Incest is a kind of child molestation and is perpetrated by immediate family members on the child.
Sexual assault, on the other hand, is defined as having or attempting to have sexual contact with another person without his or her consent. Touching and groping fall under this category.
Not all types of sexual abuse result in sexual contact. Voyeurism and exposure to pornography are already forms of sexual abuse. So is revenge pornography or forcing someone to participate in pornography.
Sexual abuse can have a long-term impact on the survivor’s mental and physical well-being. It is therefore important that they can get the right support such as counselling.
من يجب أن يخضع للنتائج المتوقعة
People who believe they have experienced sexual abuse should consider getting help like counselling. The traumatic experience may lead to كآبة, anxiety, and uncontrolled anger. They may also show signs of post-traumatic stress disorder, especially if they are presented with triggers, which may be a place where the abuse took place or even a person who resembles their perpetrator. Others also resort to self-harm or develop nightmares. Some become perpetrators themselves.
Victims often have distorted views of sex. They may either be sexually overactive or suffer from building intimacy or relationships. They may be infertile or have problems ejaculating or having sexual intercourse. They may try to cope with the trauma of abuse by engaging in addiction, which could be alcohol and drugs.
The abuse may also affect them physically. It may lead to fractures or sprains as well as bruises and injuries that can leave physical scars. They may also contract sexually transmitted diseases or infection in their reproductive organs.
At least 65% of sexual abuse cases are left unreported to the police, which make it more difficult for victims to receive the necessary help. Hence, there should be a strong awareness campaign defining sexual abuse.
Counselling is a customized plan as no person shares the same experience. It is based on many factors including the level of expertise of the practitioner, the receptiveness of the survivor, or the severity of the abuse and the subsequent trauma. It may therefore take few sessions to appointments lasting many years.
كيف يعمل هذا الإجراء؟
For sexual abuse counselling, survivors can approach any of the established non-profit organizations or agencies that offer such service. These places have licensed, well-trained, certified counsellors usually with expertise in sexual abuse. Some of them specialize according to the type of abuse or the age of the victim. After all, the mindset of a teen is different to that of an adult.
Sessions normally last for a few minutes to an hour. Some of the most popular techniques include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and arts therapy.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is based on the principle that the person’s perception of events has more weight than the event itself. For example, a wife who has experienced marital rape may begin to think she’s not worthy of love. She may then start to reject any form of care from other people.
CBT has been proven to be effective in dealing with depression, القلق, and post-traumatic stress disorder. It is characterized by journaling, challenging the survivor’s mindset, and teaching skills to help her cope with negative thoughts about herself and events in her life.
Arts therapy, on the other hand, is recommended for people who are having a hard time expressing themselves in words. They can use arts to narrate their story and eventually learn to make peace with what happened and cope with the trauma. This is an effective strategy for children affected by sexual abuse.
The stigma brought about by sexual abuse is forcing many survivors to deal with it on their own. Fortunately, many agencies have already established hotlines where they can receive counselling on the phone or via online.
المخاطر والمضاعفات المحتملة
Sharing a sexual abuse story can be distressing, uncomfortable, and painful, as it will bring back bad memories. Some may experience their mental and physical health deteriorates, but as the survivor receives the much-needed help, this problem should gradually improve.
- Dubowitz H, Lane WG. Abused and Neglected Children. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St. Geme JW, Schor NF, Behrman RE, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 37.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Child Welfare Information Gateway.Identification of Sexual Abuse. https://www.childwelfare.gov/can/identifying/sex_abuse.cfm. Accessed November 21, 2014.