التعريف والنظرة العامة
An immigration medical examination is one of the requirements that need to be completed by anyone who wants to immigrate to another country. Most countries only accept examinations that are performed at an authorized doctor’s office or clinic, and can only be performed by accredited physicians. Each country also has individual standards on the results and necessary immunizations immigrants are supposed to meet. Failure to meet these standards, as well as failure to complete the medical exam, will put the immigrant’s application at risk.
من يجب أن يخضع للنتائج المتوقعة
An immigration medical exam is a necessary step for anyone who wants to immigrate or live in another country. This is not a comprehensive exam and is rather a basic one that screens for a predetermined list of medical conditions specified by the country of destination. If the results show that the person is suffering from certain health issues, the authorized physician is not required to call for further tests, provide diagnosis, or recommend treatment options. His only responsibility is to report the results of the exam. Thus, the results of an immigration medical exam should not be used for the diagnosis and treatment of a disease or any other purpose than the immigration application.
Furthermore, the results will only be valid for one year after the date of the test. If the results expire prior to successful immigration into the country of destination, the exam has to be performed again.
كيف يتم إجراء العملية؟
The medical exam should be performed by an authorized doctor at an authorized clinic or hospital. Countries typically provide a list of these authorized physicians who provide a series of examination that adhere to the standards set by the destination country. These physicians will charge a fee for the exam, which is separate from the immigrant application fee. It is the applicant’s responsibility to schedule an appointment with an authorized physician at least seven days before his scheduled immigration appointment to provide ample time for the test results to become ready, which takes about 4 to 5 days.
The scope of the medical exam varies depending on the patient’s age. For children or minors, the exam will involve:
- General physical exam
For the regular adult, the exam will involve:
- General physical exam
- Medical history
- Chest الأشعة السينية
- تحاليل الدم
The general physical exam will check the health of:
- Lymph nodes
- External genitalia
Any special conditions should be disclosed; these include:
المخاطر والمضاعفات المحتملة
As this is only a medical examination and does not involve an actual procedure, it does not pose any risks to the patient.
However, there is one possible complication involving pregnant women during the test. Pregnant women are generally advised to avoid any type of x-ray scan due to the potential risks to her unborn child. However, the chest x-ray scan is an important requirement in an immigration medical examination and is strongly required by some countries. In such cases, pregnant women should still undergo the exam provided that the authorized physician and clinic/laboratory provide special abdominal and pelvic protection to ensure the safety of the baby. For some countries, pregnant women may be exempted from the chest x-ray requirement provided that a written certification of pregnancy, signed by the applicant’s personal obstetrician, is presented.
Pertaining to the test results, certain medical conditions can potentially complicate the patient’s immigration application. Countries typically set additional requirements or standards in handling existing illnesses. These conditions typically include:
Mental health issues – Applicants showing mental retardation or disabilities will be required to submit a separate report outlining the exact nature of the mental issue and the applicant’s special requirements in terms of care, supervision, and education. If the applicant has received treatment for the said mental issue, the report should include a certification outlining the diagnosis, how long the treatment took, and the prognosis of the patient. In addition, if the applicant has a history of self-harm and violent behavior towards others, these should be sufficiently linked to the underlying mental issue to rule out other possible causes such as drug or alcohol addiction.
Syphilis – An immigration applicant who suffered from syphilis will be required to present a certificate signed by a doctor attesting that he has been treated for the disease. If treatment was not received, he should provide a written explanation as to why this is so; the explanation letter should still be signed by a doctor.
Tuberculosis – If a person has been treated for مرض السل, a letter outlining the diagnosis, the treatment procedure, and the treatment results should be presented. The certification of treatment should also include the types of medications prescribed as well as the dates when they were taken.
Chronic medical conditions – Applicants suffering from chronic medical conditions and are taking maintenance medications should provide a doctor’s certificate outlining the condition, current treatment, a list of medications taken, and the patient’s prognosis.
University of Kentucky College of Public Health: USCIS Immigration Medical Examinations
- US National Library of Medicine: National Institutes of Health – Tuberculosis, Migration, and Medical Examination:
## Immigration Medical Examination: A Comprehensive Overview
**What is an Immigration Medical Examination?**
An immigration medical examination is a mandatory medical evaluation conducted by government-authorized physicians for foreign nationals seeking permanent residency or certain visas in the United States. It aims to identify and assess health conditions that may pose a threat to public health or prevent the individual from becoming a ”public charge” on the U.S. healthcare system.
**Who Requires an Immigration Medical Examination?**
Most permanent residency applicants, including those applying for family-based green cards and employment-based visas, must undergo an immigration medical examination. This also applies to certain applicants for visas such as the K-1 (fiancé(e)) visa and V (tourist) visa, if their intended stay exceeds six months.
**Benefits of an Immigration Medical Examination**
* **Verification of Health Status:** The examination confirms the applicant’s overall health and fitness to work, study, or reside in the United States.
* **Detection of Preventable Diseases:** It screens for infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, syphilis, and HIV, which can be treated before posing health risks.
* **Immunization Status:** The examination ensures applicants have received age-appropriate immunizations to protect themselves and the community.
* **Legal Compliance:** Undergoing the examination is a legal requirement for obtaining certain visas and green cards.
The results of the immigration medical examination are typically documented on Form I-693, Report of Medical Examination and Vaccination Record. The physician will indicate whether the applicant is:
* **Class A:** Examined and found to have no medical conditions that affect eligibility.
* **Class B:** Examined and found to have a medical condition that requires further evaluation or treatment before a decision on eligibility can be made.
* **Class C:** Examined and determined to be inadmissible due to a disqualifying medical condition.
**What to Expect During the Examination**
The immigration medical examination typically involves the following components:
* Medical history and physical examination
* Chest X-ray
* Blood tests (for syphilis and HIV)
* Urine analysis
* Immunization review and vaccinations (if needed)
**Preparing for the Examination**
* Schedule the examination well in advance to avoid delays.
* Bring your passport and documents證明ed in your immigration application.
* Bring your immunization records.
* If you have any medical conditions, provide medical records and explain them to the physician.
* Be honest and accurate in answering the physician’s questions.