What Is Bacterial Prostatitis?

Bacterial prostatitis

Bacterial prostatitis is a condition in which a bacterial infection develops in the prostate gland. The prostate is a gland that sits under the bladder and forms the first part of the urethra (the tube that carries urine away from the bladder). Older men with an enlarged prostate are commonly affected by bacterial prostatitis. Typical symptoms are fever, chills, burning sensation while urinating, difficulty to start urination, and pain around the anus. Treatment includes antibiotics, pain killers, and, sometimes, a urinary catheter if emptying the bladder becomes difficult. With antibiotic treatment, many people recover well.


The prostate is a gland that sits under the bladder and forms the first part of the urethra (the tube that carries urine away from the bladder). Bacterial infections can form in the prostate due to bladder infections or some sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Older men who already have an enlarged prostate gland are most commonly affected but men of every age can get bacterial prostatitis. Men who have diabetes, a weak immune system, an indwelling urinary catheter, or who self-catheterize (use a tube to empty the bladder of urine) are at higher risk of developing bacterial prostatitis.


Common symptoms of bacterial prostatitis are fever, chills, a burning sensation while urinating, difficulty to start urination, and pain around the anus. Other symptoms are foul-smelling urine, weak urine flow, painful ejaculation, and blood in the urine.


The diagnosis is made based on the symptoms, examination of the prostate, and urine tests. Examination of the prostate involves a doctor gently putting a finger into the anus and feeling the prostate through the rectum (from behind the prostate). This can be a little painful for people with prostatitis. The urine is tested for bacteria, and this is sometimes required prostatic massage, a procedure in which a doctor massages the prostate before the urine sample is made.


Bacterial prostatitis is treated with antibiotics. These are usually taken for 2-4 weeks. If the infection becomes persistent, longer courses of antibiotics or antibiotics through a drip (intravenous) may be needed. Pain can be managed with simple pain-relieving medication (paracetamol or ibuprofen). A urinary catheter (a tube) might be needed in case urination is difficult and very painful.


Diagnosing and effectively treating bladder infections and sexually transmitted diseases (STIs) may help prevent some episodes of bacterial prostatitis.

Other names for bacterial prostatitis

  • Bacterial infection of the prostate gland
  • Bacterial prostatitis
  • Acute bacterial prostatitis
  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis

**What Is Bacterial Prostatitis?**


Bacterial ​prostatitis is⁣ an infection of⁢ the prostate ⁣gland caused by bacteria.‍ It is a⁤ type of urinary‌ tract infection (UTI) that primarily affects men ​aged 30-50.


Bacterial prostatitis is usually caused by bacteria that enter⁤ the prostate⁣ through the urethra. Common bacteria responsible include:

*⁣ Escherichia coli (E. coli)

* Klebsiella pneumoniae

* Pseudomonas aeruginosa

* Staphylococcus aureus


The symptoms of‌ bacterial⁤ prostatitis can vary depending on the severity of the infection. Common symptoms include:

* Frequent urination

* ⁤Painful or burning urination

* Difficulty urinating

* Increased urgency⁢ to urinate

*‍ Pelvic pain

* Pain in the testicles or lower​ abdomen

* Fever

* Chills

* Body aches


Bacterial prostatitis is diagnosed based‍ on a combination of:

* Physical examination

* Urine analysis

* Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test

* Transrectal ultrasound

* Prostate biopsy (in‍ severe cases)


Treatment for bacterial prostatitis typically involves antibiotics. The choice of antibiotic depends on the bacteria causing the infection. Treatment ‌usually lasts for 4-6 weeks.

Other recommended⁣ measures include:

* Sitz baths to relieve​ pain

* Alpha-blockers to relax the bladder neck and improve urinary flow

* Pain relievers

* Rest


If left untreated, bacterial prostatitis⁣ can lead to complications such as:

* Recurring infections

* Abscess formation

* Sepsis

* Prostate ⁤enlargement


There⁤ are no specific preventive measures for⁢ bacterial prostatitis. However, maintaining good hygiene, practicing safe sex, and promptly treating urinary tract infections can‍ reduce the risk.


*​ Bacterial prostatitis

* Prostatitis

* Urinary tract infection (UTI)

* ⁢Prostate gland

* Antibiotics

* Symptoms

* Diagnosis

* Treatment

* Complications

* Prevention

One comment

  1. Bacterial prostatitis is a bacterial infection of the prostate gland. It is usually caused by bacteria that enter the urethra and travel up the male reproductive tract. Symptoms can include frequent urination, burning or pain during urination, and cloudy or bloody urine. Treatment typically involves antibiotics.

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