A Urologist is a medical specialist who provides treatment and diagnosis focused on the health care of various organs comprising the male and female urinary systems. They also specialize in the health of the male reproductive system.
Urologists diagnose and treat diseases of the urinary tract in both men and women. They also diagnose and treat anything involving the reproductive tract in men.
In some cases, they may perform surgery. For example, they may remove cancer or open up a blockage in the urinary tract. Urologists work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, private clinics, and urology centers.
The urinary tract is the system that creates, stores, and removes urine from the body. Urologists can treat any part of this system. This includes the:
Urologists also treat all parts of the male reproductive system. This system is made up of the:
What is urology?
Urology is the field of medicine that focuses on diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive tract. Some urologists treat prevalent diseases of the urinary tract. Others specialize in a particular type of urology, such as:
Which conditions do urologists treat?
Urologists treat a wide variety of conditions that affect the urinary system and male reproductive system.
In men, urologists treat:
In women, urologists treat:
In children, urologists treat:
What procedures do urologists perform?
When you visit a urologist, they’ll start by doing one or more of these tests to find out what condition you have:
Urologists are also trained to perform different types of surgery. This may include performing:
When should you see a urologist?
Your primary care doctor can treat you for mild urinary problems, such as a UTI. Your primary care doctor may refer you to a urologist if your symptoms don’t improve or if you have a condition that needs treatments they can’t provide.
You may need to see both a urologist and another specialist for specific conditions. For example, a man who has prostate cancer can see a cancer specialist called “an oncologist” and a urologist.
How do you know when it’s time to see a urologist? Having any of these symptoms suggests you have a problem in the urinary tract:
You should also see a urologist if you’re a man and you’re experiencing these symptoms: