Qu'est-ce que l'asthme infantile ?

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**What is Childhood Asthma?**



**Definition:**

Childhood asthma is ⁤a chronic respiratory condition that affects the airways (bronchi). It causes ​inflammation ​and narrowing ⁣of ‍the airways, leading to difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing, and ​shortness of⁣ breath. It is the most common chronic disease among children.



**Symptoms:**

Symptoms of childhood⁢ asthma include:



* Wheezing ⁣(a whistling ‍sound during breathing)

* Coughing, especially at night or​ early morning

* Shortness of breath

* Chest tightness

* Difficulty breathing during exercise or‌ playtime



**Causes:**

The exact cause of childhood asthma⁤ is unknown, ‍but it⁤ is believed⁢ to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors, ⁣including:



* Family history of asthma or ​allergies

* Exposure to allergens ‍such ‌as pollen, dust mites, and animal dander

* Respiratory infections

* Environmental ⁤triggers such as smoke, pollution, and cold ⁤air



**Diagnosis:**

Childhood asthma is diagnosed based on a ⁣physical examination, medical​ history, ⁢and lung function tests.



**Treatment:**

There is no cure for childhood asthma, but it can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes:



* **Medications:**

*‍ Inhalers (bronchodilators) to open ⁤the‍ airways

* Steroids to ‌reduce inflammation

* Leukotriene modifiers to prevent asthma attacks

* **Lifestyle changes:**

⁢ * Avoiding triggers

‌ * Maintaining a ​healthy weight

* Getting regular exercise

⁢ * Using a humidifier

⁢ * Managing stress



**Prevention:**

While ‍there ⁤is ‌no guaranteed way to prevent childhood asthma, ‍certain measures may reduce the risk:



* Breastfeeding for​ at least 6 ⁣months

* Exposing children to pets and farm animals

* Avoiding smoking and‌ secondhand smoke

* Reducing exposure ‍to allergens‌ and irritants



**Key​ Terms:**



* Airways

*‍ Inflammation

* Wheezing

* Coughing

* Shortness‌ of breath

* Chest ​tightness

* Triggers

* Inhalers

* Steroids

* Leukotriene‌ modifiers

* Lifestyle changes

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