Qu'est-ce que la pharyngite chronique?
Chronic pharyngitis is an inflammation of the pharynx that can last for extended periods of time. The pharynx is the part of your throat that is situated between your nasal and oral cavities. It’s responsible for sending air and food to their respective destinations.
Chronic pharyngitis can be caused by a variety of factors, including infection, poor diet, exposure to environmental toxins, and more. It’s a condition that can lead to a range of different symptoms, including sore throat, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, and loss of voice. It can range in severity and requires different treatments depending on the cause.
Causes of Chronic Pharyngitis
The most common cause of chronic pharyngitis is infection, typically bacterial or viral in nature. Bacteria such as streptococcus and viruses like the common cold virus can cause chronic throat inflammation. Other causes of chronic pharyngitis can include sustained irritation due to smoking or air pollution, acid reflux, or occupational hazards such as exposure to harsh chemicals.
Symptoms of Chronic Pharyngitis
The main symptom of chronic pharyngitis is a sore throat that will not go away. It can also cause difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, and a change in your voice. Other symptoms may include a cough, a lump in your throat, a feeling of something stuck in your throat, headaches, ear pain, or an itchy throat.
Diagnosis of Chronic Pharyngitis
Your doctor will do a physical examination and take a medical history to help diagnose your condition. This will include asking about your symptoms and their severity. Your doctor may also take a sample of your throat using a swab and have it tested for infection. This can help rule out or confirm a bacterial or viral infection. Your doctor will also look for possible causes such as acid reflux, environmental irritants, smoking, or occupational exposure.
Treatment of Chronic Pharyngitis
The main treatment for chronic pharyngitis is aimed at treating the underlying cause. If your condition is caused by a bacterial or viral infection, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics or antiviral medications. If your chronic pharyngitis is caused by acid reflux, your doctor may recommend some lifestyle changes such as avoiding smoking, eating smaller meals more frequently, and monitoring your diet.
Your doctor may also prescribe anti-inflammatory medications to help reduce throat inflammation and relax the throat muscles, as well as painkillers to help manage the pain and discomfort.
Risk Factors for Chronic Pharyngitis
You’re at an increased risk of developing chronic pharyngitis if you’re exposed to environmental irritants such as pollutants, and are a heavy smoker or consume large amounts of alcohol. It’s also more common if you have a weakened immune system due to disease or medication.
Possible Complications of Chronic Pharyngitis
Left untreated, chronic pharyngitis can lead to complications such as vocal cord paralysis, aspiration pneumonia, and difficulty in swallowing or breathing. If you’ve been diagnosed with chronic pharyngitis, it’s important to listen to your doctor’s advice and treatment plan. Left untreated, chronic pharyngitis can have serious consequences.
Preventing Chronic Pharyngitis
Making some simple lifestyle changes can help reduce your risk of developing chronic pharyngitis. These include:
Avoid Smoking and Second Hand Smoke
Smoking and being exposed to secondhand smoke can increase your risk of developing chronic pharyngitis, so avoiding smoke is the best way to protect yourself.
Eat a Nutritious Diet
Eating a balanced and healthy diet can help strengthen your immune system and reduce your risk of infection. Choose plenty of fruits, vegetables, and other healthy foods.
Avoid Occupational Hazards
Certain occupations, such as those in farming or construction, increase your risk of developing chronic pharyngitis. If you work in these industries, always wear the correct safety equipment to protect yourself from environmental hazards.
Getting vaccinated against the common cold, flu, and other infections can help protect against chronic pharyngitis. Talk to your healthcare provider to find out which vaccines are recommended for you.
When to See a Doctor for Chronic Pharyngitis
If you’re experiencing any of the symptoms of chronic pharyngitis, it’s important to seek medical advice from your doctor. Your doctor can help diagnose and treat your condition and make sure any possible complications are avoided.
Chronic pharyngitis is an inflammation of the pharynx that can cause a range of symptoms from a sore throat to difficulty in breathing. It can be caused by infections, environmental irritants, acid reflux, smoking, and occupational hazards. Treatment for chronic pharyngitis is aimed at treating the underlying cause, and can range from antibiotics or antivirals to lifestyle changes and pain relief. To prevent chronic pharyngitis, it is important to avoid smoking and secondhand smoke, eat a nutritious diet, avoid occupational hazards, and get vaccinated.
If you’re experiencing any of the symptoms of chronic pharyngitis, it’s important to seek medical advice from your doctor. They can diagnose and treat your condition and ensure any possible complications are avoided.