Qu'est-ce que la tendinite d'Achille ?

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**What is Achilles Tendonitis?**


Achilles tendonitis, also known as Achilles tendinitis, is a common injury that affects the Achilles tendon, a thick‍ band of tissue that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone (calcaneus). This condition primarily affects individuals who engage in high-impact activities or sports​ that require repetitive strain on the Achilles tendon.


The key symptoms of ‍Achilles tendonitis include:

*​ Pain and tenderness along the Achilles ​tendon,⁣ especially at the back ‌of the heel

* Stiffness and tightness in the calf muscles,⁣ particularly in the morning

* Swelling ⁤around‍ the Achilles tendon

* ⁢Difficulty walking or running

* Gradual ‍onset of pain that worsens with activity


Achilles tendonitis is predominantly caused by⁣ overuse of the Achilles tendon. The following factors‍ can contribute to ⁤its ‍development:

* Sudden increase in physical activity or training intensity

*‌ Improper footwear

* Tight calf muscles

* Age-related ‌degeneration

* Poor biomechanics

* Flat⁤ feet or high arches


Diagnosis of Achilles tendonitis involves:

* Physical examination of the heel⁤ and ankle

* Assessment of ‍tenderness, swelling, and range of motion

* X-rays to⁢ rule out⁢ other conditions, such as ⁤fractures

* MRI scan to determine ‌the severity and extent of tendon ⁤damage


Treatment options for Achilles tendonitis focus on pain relief, ‌reducing inflammation, and improving ‍flexibility. Common treatments include:

*⁢ Rest and activity modification

* Ice therapy

* Anti-inflammatory medications

* Physical therapy to ⁣stretch and strengthen the calf muscles

* Orthotics​ to provide support and reduce strain

* Cortisone injections in severe cases

* Surgery in rare circumstances


Preventive measures to reduce the risk of Achilles tendonitis include:

* Gradual increase in physical activity intensity

* Proper warm-up and cool-down exercises

* Wearing‌ cushioned, supportive footwear

*⁢ Stretching the calf muscles regularly

* Maintaining a healthy weight

* Avoiding overtraining

**Recovery Time:**

The recovery time for Achilles tendonitis can⁢ vary depending on the severity of the injury. Minor cases may resolve within a few weeks with appropriate treatment, while more severe cases can take several months or even longer to heal.

**Additional Information:**

* ⁤Achilles tendonitis can be chronic, meaning it may recur if the underlying cause is not addressed.

* Individuals who have experienced Achilles tendonitis are more likely to develop it in​ the other foot.

* Plantar fasciitis, another foot condition,⁢ can coexist with Achilles ⁤tendonitis.

2 commentaires

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