Qu'est-ce que l'épilepsie par absence chez l'enfant ?

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## ⁢What⁢ is Childhood Absence⁤ Epilepsy?

**Childhood absence epilepsy (CAE)** is a type of generalized epilepsy that typically ​begins⁤ in ‍childhood between ‍the ages of ​4 and⁤ 12. It is characterized ⁢by brief, ‍staring‌ spells⁤ that‍ can occur multiple times a day.

**Keywords:** childhood absence epilepsy, CAE, generalized ⁤epilepsy, staring spells

## Causes of‍ Childhood Absence Epilepsy

The exact cause of ⁤CAE is unknown, but⁣ genetics are believed to ‍play a role. Some cases ⁤have been linked to specific genetic mutations, while others appear to be caused by multiple ⁤genetic ⁤factors.

**Keywords:** genetics, genetic mutations

## Symptoms of Childhood ‌Absence Epilepsy

The main symptom of CAE is staring spells. These spells typically:

* Last for a few seconds (usually​ 5-15)

* Occur⁤ multiple times ​a day

* Cause the child ‍to ⁣stare blankly or appear “out of it”

* Stop spontaneously without any ⁤treatment

**Keywords:** staring spells, blank stares, out of it, spontaneous resolution

## Diagnosis of Childhood Absence⁣ Epilepsy

CAE is diagnosed based on ‌the child’s symptoms and​ an electroencephalogram (EEG). ‍The EEG is‌ a test that records the electrical​ activity in the ⁣brain. In children ‌with CAE, the EEG shows a characteristic pattern of spikes and waves during the staring spells.

**Keywords:** electroencephalogram, EEG, spikes and waves

## Treatment of Childhood Absence Epilepsy

CAE is typically treated with anti-seizure medications.⁤ These medications can help to reduce the​ frequency and severity⁤ of the ​staring spells. Surgery may rarely be⁢ considered in children ‌whose seizures do⁤ not ​respond⁢ to⁤ medication.

**Keywords:** anti-seizure medications, surgery

## ‌Prognosis ⁢for Childhood Absence Epilepsy

Most ⁤children with CAE outgrow the condition by adolescence. However, some children may continue to ​have seizures into adulthood.⁤ Long-term outcomes are generally good, but CAE can lead to learning and behavioral problems‌ if not treated.

**Keywords:** prognosis, learning problems, behavioral ⁤problems

2 commentaires

  1. – What is childhood absence epilepsy (CAE)?
    – What are the causes of CAE?
    – What are the symptoms of CAE?
    – How is CAE diagnosed?
    – What are the treatments for CAE?
    – What is the prognosis for CAE

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