Qu'est-ce qu'un abcès dentaire?

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## What is Dental Abscess?

A dental abscess is a ⁤collection of pus that forms‍ in the tooth ​or its surrounding tissues ​due to a bacterial infection. The infection⁤ typically originates from a cavity‌ or an‌ injury to the​ tooth enamel.

**Keywords:** Dental abscess, tooth infection, caries, gum disease

### Signs and Symptoms

Dental abscesses can cause ⁤a range of symptoms, including:

* Severe tooth pain, ‍especially when biting or chewing

* Swelling of the gums and face

* Bad breath

* Fever

* Chills

* Difficulty swallowing or breathing (in severe cases)

**Keywords:** Dental pain, swelling, bad breath, fever, chills

### Causes

Dental abscesses are most commonly caused ⁢by bacteria entering the tooth through a cavity or a crack in ⁤the ⁣enamel. Other ​causes include:

* ⁢Gum‌ disease

* Poor oral hygiene

* Trauma to the ⁣tooth

* ⁤A weakened immune system

**Keywords:** Cavities, gingivitis, periodontitis, oral hygiene, ⁣dental trauma

### Types of Abscesses

There are three main types of dental abscesses:

* **Periapical abscess:** Infection ⁣at the tip of the tooth root.

* **Periodontal abscess:** Infection in the gums surrounding the tooth.

*​ **Gingival abscess:** Infection⁢ in the gums near the surface of the tooth.

**Keywords:** Periapical abscess, periodontal⁣ abscess, gingival abscess

### Diagnosis

Dental abscesses are ‌typically diagnosed during a dental examination. The dentist will assess the tooth and surrounding tissues for ⁢signs of infection and may take X-rays to identify the extent of ‍the abscess.

**Keywords:** Dental examination, ​X-rays

### Treatment

Treatment ‌for dental abscesses typically involves:

* Antibiotics⁣ to clear the infection

* Drainage‍ of the abscess

* Root ‍canal therapy to remove the‍ infected⁤ pulp from the tooth

*⁢ Extraction of the ​tooth if the infection​ is severe

**Keywords:** Antibiotics, ⁤drainage, root canal, extraction

### Prevention

To prevent ‍dental abscesses, it ‌is important to:

* Maintain good ⁤oral hygiene by brushing and‌ flossing regularly

* Visit the dentist regularly for cleanings and⁣ checkups

* Treat cavities promptly

**Keywords:** Oral hygiene, dental cleaning,⁣ dental⁤ checkup

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