Qu'est-ce que l'asthme ?

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## What is Asthma?

**What ‍is asthma?**

Asthma is a common chronic disease of the airways. It causes inflammation and narrowing of the airways, ​which can lead to wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.

**What causes asthma?**

There are many factors that ​can contribute to‍ asthma, including:

* **Allergies:** Allergens are ‍substances that trigger an allergic reaction. Common⁤ allergens include pollen, dust mites, pet dander, and mold.

* **Irritants:** Irritants are substances that can irritate the airways. Common irritants include smoke, pollution, and strong odors.

* **Exercise:** Exercise⁤ can trigger asthma in some ‍people.

* **Cold air:** Cold ⁣air can trigger asthma in some ⁤people.

* **Stress:** Stress can trigger asthma in some people.

**What are ‍the symptoms of asthma?**

The symptoms ⁢of asthma can vary from person to person. Some​ of the most common symptoms include:

* Wheezing

* Coughing

* Chest tightness

* ‌Shortness of breath

* Difficulty sleeping

* Fatigue

**How is asthma diagnosed?**

Asthma is diagnosed based on a physical exam, a medical history, and a lung function test. A lung function‍ test is a test ‍that measures how‍ well your lungs are working.

**How is asthma treated?**

There are​ two main types of asthma treatments:

* ⁣**Controller medications:** Controller medications are used to prevent asthma attacks. ⁣They are typically taken daily.

* **Rescue medications:** Rescue medications are used to relieve asthma attacks. They are typically taken when⁢ you have symptoms.

**How can ​I manage‌ my asthma?**

There are many things you can do to manage your asthma, including:

* **Avoiding triggers:** Avoid‌ triggers that cause your asthma​ to flare up.

* **Taking medication as prescribed:** Take your asthma medication as prescribed ‌by your doctor.

* **Using a humidifier:** A humidifier can help to add moisture to the air, which can help to make‍ breathing easier.

* **Getting regular exercise:** Regular exercise can ‌help to strengthen your lungs and improve your overall health.

* **Managing stress:** Stress can trigger asthma attacks. Find healthy ways to manage stress.

**Asthma is a​ common chronic disease, but it is one that you can manage. By following your doctor’s instructions and taking steps to avoid triggers, you can live‌ a full and active life with asthma.**

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