Qu'est-ce que les céphalées en grappe (CH) ?

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**What are Cluster Headaches ‍(CHs)?**

**Question:** What are Cluster ‌Headaches ⁣(CHs)?

**Answer:** Cluster⁣ headaches are a severe type of primary headache disorder that occurs in clusters, with ⁣periods of frequent headaches followed by periods of remission. These severe⁢ headaches⁢ typically occur on one side of the⁤ head,⁤ around the eye or temple, and are characterized by:

* Intense, piercing,‌ or burning pain

* Pain lasting for 15-180 minutes

*⁢ Occurring in clusters of up to 8 headaches per day

* ‍Frequency of clusters ranging from every other ⁢day⁤ to 8 clusters per year


* Watery eye on the affected side

* Nasal⁤ congestion or runny nose

* Sensitivity to light and sound

* Nausea and vomiting


The⁣ exact cause of CHs is unknown, but it’s believed to involve a dysfunction ‌in the hypothalamus, the part of the brain that regulates sleep and hormone ⁣release. Triggers such as alcohol, stress, ⁣or changes in ⁣sleep ‌patterns ⁤may contribute.


Diagnosis of CHs is ⁤based on symptoms and a comprehensive medical history. There​ are⁢ no specific ⁣tests to confirm CHs.


* **Acute‍ Treatment:** To relieve the pain of cluster attacks, oxygen therapy, triptans, ‌and dihydroergotamine (DHE) may be⁤ used.

* **Preventive Treatment:** To‍ reduce the frequency and duration of clusters, medications such as verapamil, topiramate, and lithium may be prescribed.


* ​More common in men than women

* Usually starts between the ‌ages of 20 and 50

* Affects approximately 0.1% of the population

**Other Types of Headache Disorders:**

* Tension-type headaches

* Migraines

* Sinus headaches

**Additional ⁣Information:**

*‌ CHs can significantly impact daily life and quality of life.

* Treatment options are available to‍ manage symptoms and reduce the burden of the disorder.

* Ongoing research ⁢is⁣ investigating the⁣ causes ⁣and​ potential new treatments for CHs.

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  1. Cluster headaches (CHs) are a type of severe headache that is characterized by intense pain around one eye. CHs can occur in clusters, or periods of time when headaches occur frequently and then go away for a period of time.

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