Effets secondaires de la chimiothérapie

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**Chemotherapy Side-Effects:**

**What is⁤ Chemotherapy?**

Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses powerful drugs to kill cancer cells. These drugs work by interfering with the growth⁣ and reproduction ⁣of cancer⁣ cells.

**What are the Common‌ Side-Effects of Chemotherapy?**

Chemotherapy can cause a wide range of side-effects, ⁢including:

* Nausea and vomiting

* Fatigue

* Hair loss

* Low blood counts

* Diarrhea

* Constipation

* Mouth sores

* Skin problems

* Nerve damage

**What Causes Chemotherapy Side-Effects?**

Chemotherapy drugs are toxic⁢ to both cancer cells and healthy cells. This toxicity can lead ⁢to a variety of side-effects. The specific side-effects a person experiences will depend ⁣on the type of chemotherapy drugs ⁤used, the dosage, and the person’s individual ⁤reaction.

**How Can I Manage Chemotherapy Side-Effects?**

**Nausea and Vomiting:**

* Take anti-nausea medications prescribed by your doctor.

* Eat bland foods, such as crackers or rice.

* Avoid strong odors and spicy foods.

* Get plenty of rest.


* Get regular exercise, even if it’s just light walking.

* Eat a healthy diet and ​drink plenty​ of fluids.

* Get enough sleep.

**Hair Loss:**

*⁢ Use a ⁢gentle‍ shampoo and⁤ conditioner.

* Cover your head with a hat or scarf.

* Protect your scalp from the sun.

**Low Blood Counts:**

* Get regular blood tests to monitor your blood counts.

* Avoid contact with people ‌who ⁢are‍ sick.

* Wash your​ hands frequently.


* Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.

* Eat bland foods, such as bananas or⁣ rice.

*‍ Avoid caffeine and alcohol.


* Eat a high-fiber diet.

* Drink plenty of fluids.

* Exercise regularly.

**Mouth Sores:**

* Rinse your mouth regularly with salt water.

*⁢ Avoid alcohol-based mouthwashes.

* Eat soft foods, such as yogurt or⁤ pudding.

**Skin Problems:**

* Use a gentle soap and moisturizer.

* Avoid harsh sun exposure.

* Wear comfortable, loose-fitting clothing.

**Nerve Damage:**

* Numbness and tingling‍ in the hands and feet are potential side-effects of some chemotherapy drugs.

* Protect your hands and feet from cold temperatures.

* Use gloves ‍and socks when handling cold items.

**Other Side-Effects:**

* Infertility

* Kidney problems

* Liver problems

* Heart problems

**When Should I Call My Doctor?**

It’s​ important to call your doctor if you ⁣experience any side-effects of chemotherapy that are severe or do not improve. Your doctor can adjust your treatment plan to minimize side-effects.

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