What is obstetrics?

Obstetrics is part of gynecology, also called gynecology. Obstetrics deals with the monitoring of pregnancies as well as the preparation, execution, and treatment of follow-up births.

How does a hospital obstetrics work?

As soon as the pregnant woman has regular contractions, she must go to a maternity hospital. The following examinations are then carried out there regularly:

  • CTG, cardiotocography
  • Blood pressure and temperature measurement
  • Gynecological examination
  • Baby ultrasound

The pregnant woman has access to a vein so that fluid and medicine can be injected directly into the vein. In some clinics, a pregnant woman is also offered an enema as a precaution. If the pregnant woman is in severe pain, she may be offered PDA (pudendal anesthesia), for example.

If all the important parameters of the baby are in order, including position, height, size of the head, heartbeat, oxygen supply, then a natural birth can take place. For this, a midwife and nursing staff are present. The advantage of clinical delivery is that in an emergency, a quick transfer to the operating room for cesarean delivery can still take place.

After the baby sees the light of day, she is briefly shown to the mother and she can hold her in her arms. She is then weighed, bathed, and wrapped in matching blankets. In addition, it receives a protective cap against cooling.

If everything goes well during childbirth and after childbirth, the freshly baked mother is transferred to the maternity hospital after about 2 hours. The baby stays with her all the time.

When should you go to a maternity hospital?

The closer the due date approaches, the more nervous pregnant women become. It is not easy to estimate when the right time has come to go to the clinic. Many women prefer to act with caution and more than half of them come to the clinic when it is not yet the time. The contractions are still irregular, do not develop force, and the cervix is ​​still not open.

To estimate the correct time, pregnant women must in all cases record their contractions and especially the distance between two contractions. If the contractions start every three to five minutes for half an hour, it’s time to go to the clinic. Another sure sign to start is when the amniotic sac “bursts” and the amniotic fluid is depleted.

**Question: ‍What is‌ Obstetrics?**


Obstetrics is ‍a specialized branch of medicine that⁢ focuses ⁣on the care of pregnant women, their fetuses, and newborns. This⁢ field covers all aspects of pregnancy, from preconception consultation through labor and delivery,⁢ as well as monitoring​ the⁣ health of the mother and ​the developing baby.

**Scope⁢ of Obstetrics:**

Obstetricians, also known as ​OB-GYNs (obstetrician-gynecologists), provide a comprehensive range ‍of services during pregnancy, including:

* **Preconception ⁣counseling:** Assessing risk factors, conducting medical ‍exams, ⁢and providing guidance for optimal maternal health.

* **Prenatal ⁢care:** Monitoring the mother’s and baby’s⁤ health throughout trimesters, performing screenings,‍ and ⁤offering support.

* **High-risk pregnancy management:**⁢ Managing‌ pregnancies with complications ⁢such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, ⁣and twin pregnancies.

* **Labor and delivery:** Assisting women during⁤ labor and childbirth, offering pain relief, and⁢ ensuring the safety of both​ mother and baby.

* **Postpartum care:** Providing‌ care to⁤ women after delivery, monitoring recovery, and offering breastfeeding support.

* **Neonatal ⁤care:** Examining ⁢newborns for health issues, monitoring growth, and ‌providing initial care.


*​ Obstetrics

* Pregnancy

* Fetal development

* Labor and delivery

* Prenatal ‍care

* Postpartum care

* Neonatal care


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