What is Health Screening: Overview, Benefits, and Expected Results

Definition & Overview

Undergoing health screening is highly recommended to prevent the development of certain diseases and in some cases, prevent medical conditions from worsening by having them diagnosed while they’re on their early stages. Several types of medical conditions, such as cancer and sexually transmitted diseases, have higher chances of being cured completely if they are diagnosed earlier and if timely treatment is provided.

Who should undergo and expected results

Regardless if the patient has a higher or lower risk of developing certain diseases, health screening is highly recommended. Some of the most common tests are the following:

  • Cholesterol tests – This test is highly recommended for individuals who smoke, drink alcohol, and are obese.
  • Colorectal cancer – This is a must for individuals who are 50 years old and above, have history of colorectal polyps, inflammatory bowel disease, and inherited gene defects or mutations.
  • Pap Smear, Osteoporosis, and Mammograms – These tests are highly recommended for the prevention of cervical and breast cancers as well as medical conditions that typically affect women.
  • Prostate Cancer Screening – This is recommended for men who are over 50 years old, obese, and have high testosterone levels.
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases – Sexually active individuals, particularly those who have more than one sexual partner, are recommended to undergo screening for STDs.
  • Diabetes – This is recommended for patients who have high cholesterol or high blood pressure.
  • Blood pressure – Every time you visit your doctor, your blood pressure will be checked. If there are instances wherein the test reveals that you have an elevated blood pressure, you may need to undergo other tests to determine the cause.

How the procedure works

Undergoing health screening involves blood exams, urinalysis, fecalysis, x-rays, and blood pressure tests. If the doctor suspects that a certain disease has developed, further examinations to confirm the diagnosis will also be performed. Individuals who choose to be screened for the most common types of diseases can expect the whole procedure to be completed in one day. The diagnosing physician will then discuss the results during the follow-up consultation.

Possible risks and complications

All health screening procedures, which are totally non-invasive, are 100% safe. However, there is a risk that the results are not accurate. If the result turns out to be false positive, you would likely to undergo additional tests that will cost more time and money and may receive treatment that you do not need in the first place. However, if the result is false negative, there is a good chance that the disease will progress without being checked.

Nevertheless, the benefits of undergoing health screening outweigh the risks of receiving a false positive or false negative result.


  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended Immunization Schedule for Adults, United States, 2014. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/adult/adult-schedule.pdf. Accessed July 24, 2014.
  • Gaziano M, Ridker PM, Libby P. Primary and secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. In: Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, eds. Braunwald’s Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2012:1010.


## What is Health Screening: Overview, ⁣Benefits, and Expected Results


Health screening refers to a series of tests and examinations conducted ⁢to assess an individual’s overall health and identify potential health risks. These screenings typically ⁤involve checking vital signs, physical examinations, and laboratory tests. ⁢Health screenings are designed to detect diseases and⁣ conditions early on, even before ⁢symptoms appear,‌ promoting timely ​diagnosis and treatment.

**Benefits of Health Screening**

* ⁤**Early detection:** Health screenings help identify health issues in their early​ stages, when they are more likely to be ‌treatable.

*‍ **Disease prevention:** By detecting risk factors and unhealthy habits, health screenings can help prevent ‌the development of chronic diseases like heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.

* **Promotive healthcare:** Health ‍screenings emphasize the importance ⁤of regular ⁤check-ups and preventative care, promoting overall well-being.

* **Peace of mind:** Knowing one’s health status can provide individuals with peace of mind and reduce⁣ anxiety ⁣about their health.

* **Cost savings:** Early detection and treatment can save significant healthcare costs in the long run.

**Expected Results**

Upon completing a health screening, individuals typically receive a report detailing ‍their health metrics and any notable findings. Expected results may include:

* **Vital⁣ signs:** Measurements of blood pressure, pulse, temperature, and oxygen​ levels.

* **Physical examination:** An evaluation of the skin, head, neck, and body systems.

* **Laboratory tests:** Results from blood work, urine analysis, and other tests to assess cholesterol levels, glucose levels, and other health ‌markers.

* **Health assessment:** A summary of the overall health status and recommendations for further evaluation or lifestyle modifications if‍ necessary.

**Who Should Consider Health Screening?**

Health screenings are recommended for individuals of all ages, including those who:

* Have a family history of chronic diseases

*⁢ Smoke or have other unhealthy habits

* Are overweight or obese

* Experience persistent symptoms or concerns

* Have not had a comprehensive check-up in ⁢the past year

**Frequency ‍of Health Screening**

The frequency⁢ of health ​screening‍ depends on age,‍ risk factors, and individual health history. In general, younger individuals may only⁣ require screenings every few years, while older adults or those with health‌ concerns may need more frequent screenings. Specific screening guidelines are available from healthcare ⁤organizations such as the ‍American Cancer Society and the National Health Service.


Health ​screening is a valuable tool for maintaining‍ good health and preventing the development of serious diseases. By detecting health issues early on, individuals can receive appropriate treatment‌ and lifestyle guidance to improve their ‌overall well-being. Regular health screenings are essential for promoting proactive healthcare and ensuring optimal health⁣ outcomes.

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