Qu'est-ce que la syphilis ?

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**What is Syphilis Infection?**

**Q: What‍ is⁤ syphilis?**

**A:** ⁣Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI)‌ caused by the bacterium⁢ **Treponema pallidum**. It can affect both men and women and can spread through vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

**Q:‍ What are the stages of syphilis?**

**A:** Syphilis ⁣progresses through four stages:

* **Primary syphilis:** A painless ⁣sore called a ​**chancre** develops at the site ‍of infection within⁤ 10-90‌ days after exposure.

* **Secondary syphilis:** Typically occurs 2-8 weeks after the chancre heals. Symptoms include a rash on the palms of ⁣the hands and soles of the feet, fever, swollen lymph nodes, and headaches.

* **Latent syphilis:** The infection goes into hiding but may remain in the body⁢ for years or decades.

* **Tertiary syphilis:** Develops in ⁣about 15% of untreated cases and can affect multiple organs, including the brain, heart, and eyes.

**Q: What are​ the symptoms of syphilis?**

**A:** Symptoms vary ​depending on the stage of infection. ‌In primary syphilis, the chancre is the only symptom. In secondary syphilis, symptoms‌ include rash, fever, and swollen lymph nodes. In latent syphilis, there are ⁢often ‌no symptoms. In tertiary syphilis, ‌symptoms can include neurological problems, blindness, and ‌heart disease.

**Q: How is⁢ syphilis diagnosed?**

**A:** Syphilis is diagnosed through **blood tests** that detect antibodies against the ⁣bacterium.

**Q: How is syphilis‌ treated?**

**A:** Syphilis is treated with **antibiotics**,⁣ typically penicillin. The earlier treatment is started,⁢ the ​better the chances of preventing⁣ serious complications.

**Q: How can I prevent syphilis?**

**A:** Syphilis can be prevented by:

* Using condoms during vaginal, anal, and oral sex

* Limiting the‌ number of sexual partners

* Getting tested regularly⁣ for STIs

* Not⁤ sharing sex toys

**Q:‌ Is syphilis curable?**

**A:** Syphilis is curable if treated promptly. If left untreated, it can lead to serious health problems and ‍even death.


* Syphilis

* Sexually transmitted infection⁤ (STI)

* Treponema pallidum

* ‍Chancre

* Rash

* Latent syphilis

* Tertiary syphilis

*⁤ Blood test

* Antibiotic treatment

* ⁤Condom use

* STI ​testing

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