Qu'est-ce que la polyarthrite rhumatoïde juvénile?

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**What is Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis?**

Juvenile rheumatoid ⁣arthritis (JRA)⁤ is ​a type of arthritis that affects children under the age of ⁢16‍ [2]. It is also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) [1]. JRA⁣ is an autoimmune disease, which⁢ means that ‍the body’s⁤ immune system attacks its ⁣own tissues [3].

**Symptoms of JRA**

The symptoms of JRA ‌can ​vary depending on the type of JRA a child‌ has. The most common symptoms include:

* ⁣Joint pain, swelling, and stiffness

* Fever

* Rash

* Fatigue

* Loss of appetite

* Weight⁢ loss

**Diagnosis of JRA**

JRA‌ is diagnosed based on a child’s symptoms, a physical examination, and blood tests. There is no single test that can diagnose JRA [3].

**Treatment of JRA**

There is ⁤no cure for JRA, but treatment can help to relieve‌ symptoms and​ prevent joint damage. Treatment options include:

* Medications to reduce inflammation and pain

* Physical therapy to help improve range of motion ⁢and flexibility

*⁢ Occupational therapy to help children learn ⁣how to do everyday activities

* Surgery to repair damaged joints

**Prognosis of​ JRA**

The prognosis for children with JRA varies. Some children will have mild symptoms that go away after a few ⁣months. Others will have‍ more severe symptoms that⁤ can ⁤last ​for many years. However, with early diagnosis and treatment, most children with JRA can live‌ full and active lives [3].

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