Qu'est-ce que l'appendicite aiguë?

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##‍ What is Acute Appendicitis?

Acute appendicitis is⁤ a common ‍medical condition characterized by inflammation⁤ of the appendix, a small, finger-shaped organ ‍attached to the large intestine. It is a ‍surgical emergency that ⁤requires prompt medical attention.

### Symptoms⁢ of Acute Appendicitis

* **Abdominal pain:** Pain typically begins ‍in⁤ the periumbilical (around the ⁤navel) area and then shifts to the lower right quadrant of the abdomen.

* **Nausea and vomiting:** These may accompany the abdominal pain.

* **Loss of appetite:** A⁢ decreased desire to eat is common.

* **Fever:** May be ⁤present, but it is not always ​a sign of infection.

* **Constipation or diarrhea:** Altered bowel habits may occur.

### Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis

A doctor ⁣will‍ diagnose acute appendicitis based on:

* **Physical exam:** The doctor will palpate⁤ the abdomen⁤ for tenderness or pain.

* **Medical history:** Symptoms, duration, and potential causes will be discussed.

* ⁣**Imaging tests:** ‌Ultrasound or CT scan may ⁤be used to ⁤visualize the appendix‌ and look ​for signs of inflammation.

### Treatment ​of Acute Appendicitis

The definitive treatment for acute appendicitis is surgery, known as an appendectomy. The surgeon will remove the inflamed appendix through ‌a⁤ small incision. In most cases, the surgery is performed ⁣laparoscopically, with small ​incisions and a camera⁣ inserted to​ guide the procedure.

###⁣ Complications of Acute‌ Appendicitis

If left untreated, acute appendicitis ​can lead to serious complications, including:

* ​**Ruptured appendix:** The appendix ​can burst ⁤open, spilling infectious ⁤material⁢ into the ‍abdominal cavity.

* **Peritonitis:** Inflammation‍ of the lining‍ of ⁢the abdominal cavity due to infection.

* **Sepsis:** ⁤A ⁤life-threatening infection of the bloodstream.

### Prevention of ⁤Acute Appendicitis

There is no‌ definitive way to prevent acute appendicitis.‌ However, maintaining good bowel health by consuming a high-fiber diet and staying hydrated may reduce the risk.

### Conclusion

Acute ​appendicitis⁣ is a common surgical condition​ characterized by‍ inflammation of⁤ the appendix. It requires prompt medical attention to‌ prevent serious complications. The symptoms include abdominal pain, nausea, and⁤ vomiting. Diagnosis is based on a ​physical ⁤exam, ‌medical​ history, and imaging tests. Treatment ‍involves⁢ surgical removal of the appendix (appendectomy).

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