Qu'est-ce que le cancer de la vessie ?

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**What is Bladder Cancer?**

Bladder cancer occurs when cells in⁣ the bladder, a hollow organ in the lower abdomen, become abnormal and grow ⁢out ‌of control. It is the sixth most common cancer among men and the ninth most common among women in the United States.

**Types of Bladder Cancer**

There are two main types of bladder cancer:

* **Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC)**:⁣ This type of cancer is confined to the inner layers of the bladder wall.

* **Muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC)**: This type of cancer has spread into the ​muscular layer of the ⁢bladder wall.

**Causes of ⁣Bladder Cancer**

The exact cause of bladder cancer is unknown, but certain risk factors have been identified:

* **Smoking**: It⁤ is ‌the single most significant risk factor for bladder cancer, accounting for about half of all cases.

*⁢ **Chemical exposure**: Workers who are exposed to certain chemicals, such as aromatic amines ⁤and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons⁣ (PAHs), may ‍have a higher risk.

* **Radiation therapy**: People who have received radiation therapy to the pelvis may have a slightly increased risk.

*‌ **Previous bladder infections**: Some types of bladder infections, such as schistosomiasis, can increase the risk.

* **Age**: The risk of bladder cancer⁤ increases with age.

**Symptoms of Bladder Cancer**

The most common symptom of bladder​ cancer is:

*⁢ Blood in the urine (hematuria)

Other ⁣symptoms may include:

* Frequent urination

* Painful urination

* Pelvic pain

* Back pain

* Weight loss

* Fatigue

**Diagnosis of Bladder‌ Cancer**

Bladder cancer is usually diagnosed through:

*​ **Cystoscopy**: A thin, lighted tube is inserted into the bladder to examine its lining.

* **Biopsy**: A small sample of tissue ⁣is taken from the bladder to be ‌examined under a‌ microscope.

* **Urine cytology**: A urine sample is checked for the presence of cancerous cells.

**Treatment of Bladder Cancer**

The treatment of bladder cancer depends ⁢on several factors, including the stage and ​type of ‍cancer. Common treatments include:

* **NMIBC**: Surgery, immunotherapy, ‍and ‌intravesical ⁣therapy

* **MIBC**: Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy

**Prevention of Bladder Cancer**

There is no sure way to prevent bladder cancer, but reducing ​risk factors‍ can help:

* **Quit smoking**: ⁣It is the most significant step you ‌can take to reduce your risk.

* **Avoid chemical‌ exposure**: Wear proper protective gear when working with hazardous chemicals.

* **Drink plenty‌ of fluids**: Staying well-hydrated helps flush out toxins from the bladder.

* **Eat a healthy diet**: Fruits, vegetables, and whole‍ grains may help reduce your risk.

* ‍**Get regular check-ups**: If you have a family history of bladder cancer or experience any symptoms,‌ it is essential to see your doctor promptly.

**Outlook for Bladder‌ Cancer**

The outlook for bladder cancer patients depends ⁣on​ several factors, including the stage and type of cancer. With early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, the survival rates can be high.

2 commentaires

  1. Bladder cancer is a cancer that starts in the cells of the bladder. The bladder is a hollow organ that stores urine, the liquid waste that is produced by the kidneys. Cancer can start in any part of the bladder, but it most commonly starts in the cells that line the inside of the bladder.

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